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Territories in Africa by Colonizing Country

Information about overseas territories, overseas departments, and dependencies in Africa. Includes overseas territories that at one time were colonies of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom. The African territories on this page are organized first by governing country, and alphabetically within each country..

Belgian Overseas Territories in Africa
Belgium no longer has any overseas territories in Africa but at one time they had a territory known as the Belgian Congo, which earlier was a private property of the King of Belgium known as the Belgian Free State. Today that territory includes the independent countries of Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire), and Rwanda.

British Overseas Territories in Africa
Today there is only one British overseas territory in Africa, the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, which includes Saint Helena Island, Ascension Island, and a group of islands known as the Tristan da Cunha Islands.

French Overseas Territories in Africa
There are two French overseas territories in Africa today, and both of them are islands in the Indian Ocean. One is the island of Reunion off the coast of Madagascar and the other is the Mayotte Island group in the Mozambique Channel

German Overseas Territories in Africa
Germany's overseas territories included German Kamerun, German East Africa, German South-West Africa, and German Togoland. Today those territories are now the independent African countries of Cameroon, Tanzania, Namibia, and Togo.

Italian Overseas Territories in Africa
Former Italian overseas territories in Africa included Italian North Africa, Eritrea, and Italian Somaliland. Today those territories are the independent countries of Libya, Eritrea, and Somalia.

Portuguese Overseas Territories in Africa
There are no longer any Portuguese overseas territories in Africa but at one time Portugal had four: Portuguese West Africa, Portuguese East Africa, Portuguese, Guinea, and the Cape Verde Islands. Today those territories are the independent countries of Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, and Cape Verde.

Spanish Overseas Territories in Africa
At one time Spain had three overseas territories in Africa: Spanish Sahara, Spanish Morocco, and Spanish Guinea. Today those territories are the independent countries of Western Sahara and Equatorial Guinea.

Territories in Africa A to Z
Information about regions of Africa, and islands off the coast of Africa that are territories of another autonomous country. organized alphabetically by official territory name.

See also:
Destinations in Africa
Attractions in Africa
Africa Travel Guide

Africa Destinations: Algeria | Angola | Ascension Island | Benin | Botswana | Burkina Faso | Burundi | Cameroon | Cape Verde | Central African Republic | Chad | Comoros | Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire) | Democratic Republic of Congo | Djibouti | Egypt | Equatorial Guinea | Eritrea | Ethiopia | Gabon | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea Bissau | Kenya | Lesotho | Liberia | Libya | Madagascar | Malawi | Mali | Mauritania | Mauritius | Mayotte | Morocco | Mozambique | Namibia | Niger | Nigeria | Republic of Congo | Reunion | Rwanda | Sao Tome and Principe | Senegal | Seychelles | Sierra Leone | Somalia | South Africa | South Sudan | Sudan | Swaziland | Tanzania | Togo | Tunisia | Uganda | Western Sahara | Zaire | Zambia | Zimbabwe |
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